Proper oral hygiene is essential as we age. People over 35 lose more teeth because of gum disease than because of cavities. Periodontal, or gum, disease is actually a broad term that encompasses several different conditions of the gums, including gingivitis and periodontitis. Three-quarters of all adults are affected at some point in their life. The best way to prevent periodontal disease as well as cavities is through a regimen of thorough daily brushing and flossing.
Most cases of periodontal disease develop because of bacterial plaque that builds up on the teeth over time. Plaque is a sticky, colorless film that stimulates an inflammatory response and causes the body to attack itself. When it is not removed, plaque hardens and causes tartar to develop on the teeth, which cannot be removed through brushing at home. The tissues and bone that support the teeth are gradually destroyed by this process. You can reduce your risk of developing gum disease by practicing good oral hygiene on a daily basis. This includes carefully brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing at least once a day. It is important for patients to practice proper brushing and flossing techniques to ensure that teeth are adequately cleaned.